Union Budget 2021: Healthcare as priority

The six pillars of this year’s Budget as announced by Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman includes- Health and Well-Being, Physical and Financial capital and infrastructure, Inclusive Development for Aspirational India, Reinvigorating Human Capital, Innovation and R&D and Minimum Government-maximum Governance.

The prime focus is on Healthcare and allocation to healthcare in this budget has been increased substantially. Government is all set to spend Rs 64,180 Crore on Healthcare over a span of six years.

 The areas of focus will be preventive and curative healthcare as well as well being, she said. The allocation is likely to be around Rs 2,23,846 crore, a 137% percentage rise from the previous budget.

The budget announced the establishment of 12 central institutions and connection of all public health labs.15 health emergency operation centres and 4 national institutes for virology will also be established.

Mission Poshan 2.0 was announced and The Urban Swachh Bharat 2.0 Mission to be launched at outlay of Rs 1.41 lakh crore over 5 years, Sitharaman said. All 4,378 urban local bodies in India will get universal water supply. In addition, a voluntary vehicle scrapping policy will be announced, under which vehicles will undergo fitness test for 20 years for personal vehicles and 15 for commercial ones.

Coronavirus exposed India's feeble healthcare system, as the country of 1.3 billion people struggled to cope with the pandemic. Keeping the same in mind, Government Sets Aside Rs 35,000 Crore For Covid-19 Vaccine In FY22.

Even after decades of high growth, India's healthcare spending had so far been a meagre 1.3% of GDP, way below BRICS peers and developed countries. Schemes such as the Ayushman Bharat and Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana though integral in the country's fight against Covid-19, remained severely underfunded.

Policies to standardise hospitalisation costs for Covid-19 treatment, rationalise GST structure for hospitals and increase export incentives to boost export of formulations and finished dosages have all taken prime spots in the government's priority lists.

India began the largest vaccination programme in the world on January 16, using two vaccines - Covishield and Covaxin.

According to rating agency ICRA, even if 50 per cent of India's population is to be vaccinated by the government at a negotiated price, the Covid vaccine cost will be Rs 27,000 crore, which in itself required a 40 per cent jump in healthcare allocation.

Friday's Economic Survey had batted for a hike in public spending on healthcare services from 1% to 2.5-3% of GDP, to reduce out of pocket expenditure (OOPE) from the current level of 65% to 35%.